Construction Health & Safety
Employers are legally responsible for protecting the health & safety of their staff and other people such as customers and the public who may be affected by their work. All employers are required by law to control health & safety risks, however, managing risks is not only about legislation. Effective health & safety contributes to corporate social responsibility and brings real business benefits too. It doesn't need to be expensive or complicated, but it does need planning and leadership. It also helps maintain a good reputation, retain personnel, boost productivity and avoid the costs of accidents and ill health.
CDM Health & Safety Site Audits
A site audit is an assessment of an organisation's health & safety procedures to make sure you are complying with Construction (Design & Management) Regulations 2015 and health & safety law in general. The audit protects the wellbeing of the workforce and ensures you're compliant with current health & safety regulations. While its purpose is to ensure compliance, it also assesses how well you're following processes and your overall performance. Audits are not a legal requirement; however, they are a highly recommended method of regulating business compliance for compulsory safety legislation, such as the Health & Safety at Work Act 1974.
Risk Assessments & Method Statements
A risk assessment is an important step in protecting your workforce and your business as well as complying with statutory regulations. The law does not expect you to eliminate all risk, but you are required to protect people as far as reasonably practicable. The method statement pulls together all the information identified in the risk assessment and backs up existing or specific training in the task to be undertaken.
The preconstruction document is the information necessary to provide to the principal contractor as well as to the design team.
The pre-construct serves two main purposes:
During its development the preconstruction information can provide a focus at which health & safety considerations of the designs are brought together under the control of the CDM principal designer
Pre-construct enables the principal contractor to be fully aware of the project’s health & safety and welfare requirements
The process of design risk review insofar as it concerns health & safety in construction is an integral part of the design process and can make a substantial contribution to the lives, health and wellbeing of those who work on the buildings and other structures that we are involved with. The design risk review is the process of design risk management which involves identifying hazards and/or hazardous activities and any associated risks relating to the intended construction work (structures, maintaining, cleaning, using-in certain circumstances and removing them). Designers do not need to provide risk assessments or details of residual risks relating to common risks that a competent contractor will be aware of.
Residual risk information is what needed for the health & safety file; not risk assessments. Designers are not expected to consider or address risks which cannot be foreseen, and the regulations do not require zero risk designs because that is impossible. Pre-construct information does not include information about normal construction techniques; preconstruction health & safety information does not cover every construction hazard but focuses on those that are specific unusual or complex hazards associated with the project and its design.
The greater the risk the greater the weight that must be given to eliminating or reducing it.